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Kick-off meeting : Press release

Slides presented at a focus group: Neurofeedback training to control alcohol craving and on drinking

David Linden's slides from training course Real-time fMRI: Fundamental Principles for Clinical Applications (Human Brain Mapping conference 2016)


- Tom Fruchtman-Steinbok, Jackob N Keynan, Avihay Cohen, Iman Jaljuli, Shiri Mermelstein, Gadi Drori, Efrat Routledge, Michael Krasnoshtein, Rebecca Playle, David E J Linden, Talma Hendler:
Amygdala Electrical-Finger-Print (AmygEFP) NeuroFeedback Guided by Individually-tailored Trauma Script for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Proof-of-Concept
NeuroImage: Clinical, Volume 32, 2021, 102859. Read it here

- Subramanian L, Skottnik L, Cox WM, Lührs M, McNamara R, Hood K, Watson G, Whittaker JR, Williams AN, Sakhuja R, Ihssen N, Goebel R, Playle R, Linden DEJ. Neurofeedback Training versus Treatment-as-Usual for Alcohol Dependence: Results of an Early-Phase Randomized Controlled Trial and Neuroimaging Correlates. Eur Addict Res. 2021;27(5):381-394. doi: 10.1159/000513448. Read it here
- Direito B, Mouga S, Sayal A, Simões M, Quental H, Bernardino I, Playle R, McNamara R, Linden DE, Oliveira G, Castelo Branco M. Training the social brain: Clinical and neural effects of an 8-week real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback Phase IIa Clinical Trial in Autism. Autism. 2021 Aug;25(6):1746-1760. doi: 10.1177/13623613211002052. Read it here

- Skottnik, L., Sorger, B., Kamp, T., Linden, D., & Goebel, R. (2019). Success and failure of controlling the real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback signal are reflected in the striatum. Brain and Behavior, [e01240]. Read it here

- Sorger, B., Scharnowski, F., Linden, D. E. J., Hampson, M., & Young, K. D. (2019). Control freaks: Towards optimal selection of control conditions for fMRI neurofeedback studies. Neuroimage, 186, 256-265. Read it here

- Mehler, D. M. A., Williams, A. N., Krause, F., Lührs, M., Wise, R. G., Turner, D. L., Linden, D.E.J., Whittaker, J. R. (2019). The BOLD response in primary motor cortex and supplementary motor area during kinesthetic motor imagery based graded fMRI neurofeedback. Neuroimage, 184, 36-44. Read it here

- Kohl SH, Veit R, Spetter MS, Günther A, Rina A, Lührs M, Birbaumer N, Preissl H, Hallschmid M: Real-time fMRI neurofeedback training to improve eating behavior by self-regulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: A randomized controlled trial in overweight and obese subjects. Neuroimage. 2019 Feb 21;191:596-609 Read it here

- David M. A. Mehler, Moses O. Sokunbi, Isabelle Habes, Kali Barawi, Leena Subramanian, Maxence Range, John Evans, Kerenza Hood, Michael Lührs, Paul Keedwell, Rainer Goebel & David E. J. Linden, Targeting the affective brain—a randomized controlled trial of real-time fMRI neurofeedback in patients with depression, Neuropsychopharmacology (2018) Read it here

- Freund P., Friston K., Thompson A.J., Stephan K.E., Ashburner J., Bach D.R., Nagy Z., Helms G., Draganski B.; Mohammadi S., Schwab M.E, Curt A. and Weiskopf N., Embodied neurology: an integrative framework for neurological disorders - Read it here

- Moses O. Sokunbi, David E.J. Linden, Isabelle Habes, Stephen Johnston, Niklas Ihssen
Real-time fMRI brain-computer interface: Development of a "motivationalfeedback" subsystem for the regulation of visual cue reactivity.

- Sanad Esmail, David E. J. Linden, Neural Networks and Neurofeedback in Parkinson’s Disease.

- Scharnowski F, Veit R, Zopf R, Studer P, Bock S, Diedrichsen J, Goebel R, Mathiak K, Birbaumer N, Weiskopf N., Manipulating motor performance and memory through real-time fMRI neurofeedback.

F. Scharnowski, N. Weiskopf, Cognitive enhancement through real-time fMRI neurofeedback.

- Niklas Ihssen , Moses O. Sokunbi, Andrew D. Lawrence, Natalia S. Lawrence, David E. J. Linden, Neurofeedback of visual food cue reactivity: a potential avenue to alter incentive sensitization and craving, Brain Imaging and Behavior 2016.

- W. Miles Cox, Leena Subramanian, David E.J. Linden, Michael Lührs, Rachel McNamara, Rebecca Payle, Kerenza Hood, Gareth Watson, Joseph R. Whittaker, Raman Sakhuja and Niklas Ihssen, Neurofeedback training for alcohol dependence versus treatment as usual: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial, Trials 2016,

- Cox, W. M., Subramanian, L., Linden, D. E. J., Lührs, M., McNamara, R., Playle, R., Hood, K., Watson, G., Whittaker, J. R., Sakhuja, R. & Ihssen, N. (2016, December). Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of neurofeedback training for alcohol dependence using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Poster presented at the 12th Annual Scientific Meeting of the UK Society for Behavioural Medicine (Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom)

- R. Sitaram, T. Ros, L. Stoeckel, S. Haller, F. Scharnowski, J. Lewis-Peacock, N. Weiskopf, M.-L. Blefari, M. Rana, E. Oblak, N. Birbaumer & J. Sulzer. Closed-loop brain training: the science of neurofeedback. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 18, 86–100 (2017)

- Todd N, Josephs O, Zeidman P, Flandin G, Moeller S and Weiskopf N. (2017) Functional Sensitivity of 2D Simultaneous Multi-Slice Echo-Planar Imaging: Effects of Acceleration on g-factor and Physiological Noise. Front. Neurosci. 11:158. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2017.00158 Read it here

- Cohen A, Keynan JN, Jackont G, Green N, Rashap I, Shani O, Charles F, Cavazza M, Hendler T and Raz G. (2016) Multi-modal Virtual Scenario Enhances Neurofeedback Learning. Front. Robot. AI 3:52. doi: 10.3389/frobt.2016.00052 Read it here

- S. Spetter m, Malekshahi R, Birbaumer N, Lührs M, Van der Veer A.H., Scheffler K, Spuckti S, Preissl H, Veit R, Hallschmid M. (2017) Volitional regulation of brain responses to food stimuli in overweight and obese subjects: A real-time fMRI feedback study. Appetite, vol. 112, doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2017.01.032 Read it here

- Sousa T, Direito B, Lima J, Ferreira C, Nunes U, Castelo-Branco M (2016) Control of Brain Activity in hMT+/V5 at Three Response Levels Using fMRI-Based Neurofeedback/BCI. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0155961. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155961 Read it here

- Zich, C., Luehrs, M., Haller, S. P. W., Lisk, S., Lau, J. Y. F., & Cohen Kadosh, K. (2017). Dynamic fMRI-based neurofeedback under the microscope – evidence from the developing brain. Poster presented at the 8th Oxford Neuroscience Symposium, March 22nd, 2017.


Sousa T, Amaral C, Andrade J, Pires G, Nunes UJ, Castelo-Branco M.Pure visual imagery as a potential approach to achieve three classes of control for implementation of BCI in non-motor disorders.J Neural Eng. 2017 May 3;14(4):046026. 

- Amaral CP, Simões MA, Mouga S, Andrade J, Castelo-Branco M. A novel Brain Computer Interface for classification of social joint attention in autism and comparison of 3 experimental setups: A feasibility study. J Neurosci Methods.2017 Jul 29;290:105-115. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2017.07.029. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28760486.

- Andrade J, Cecílio J, Simões M, Sales F, Castelo-Branco M. Separability of motor imagery of the self from interpretation of motor intentions of others at the single trial level: an EEG study. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2017 Jun 26;14(1):63. doi: 10.1186/s12984-017-0276-4. PubMed PMID: 28651628; PubMed Central PMCID:PMC5485711.


-Turbo-Satori: a neurofeedback and brain–computer interface toolbox for real-time functional near-infrared spectroscopy Michael Lührs; Rainer Goebel

-Elizabeth Randell, Rachel McNamara, Leena Subramanian, Kerenza Hood, David Linden, Current practices in clinical neurofeedback with functional MRI—Analysis of a survey using the TIDieR checklist, European Psychiatry (2018),


Kohl SH, Veit R, Spetter MS, Günther A, Rina A, Lührs M, Birbaumer N, Preissl H, Hallschmid M: Real-time fMRI neurofeedback training to improve eating behavior by self-regulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: A randomized controlled trial in overweight and obese subjects. Neuroimage. 2019 Feb 21;191:596-609